The African aviation sector contributes approximately 2.1% to global air traffic and has seen remarkable fluctuations and adaptations in response to evolving demands and challenges. In this insightful review, we delve into the landscape of ACMI (Aircraft, Crew, Maintenance, and Insurance) within the regional air travel context, highlighting shifts, challenges, and the consequential rise in demand for ACMI solutions.
Road to Recovery: Air Travel in Africa
With the African aviation market gradually recovering from the impacts of the pandemic, statistics indicate a promising trajectory. By 2023 year-end, African airlines are estimated to have carried 85 million passengers, slightly below pre-pandemic levels. The expected 87% year-on-year growth in revenue passenger kilometres underscores this optimistic recovery, positioning the market just 9% below pre-pandemic figures. This resurgence has catalysed an evident trend – the adoption of ACMI solutions to meet escalating demands while grappling with capacity constraints.
ACMI Trends: A Closer Look at African Operations
In 2023, we witnessed a significant upswing in ACMI engagements within the African continent. ACC Aviation observed a surge in wet/damp lease projects, fostering partnerships with recurring and new clientele seeking ACMI solutions for burgeoning passenger traffic challenges.
ACC Aviation played a pivotal role in addressing the ACMI needs of both national carriers and private airlines, orchestrating ACMI contracts involving a diverse range of aircraft, including the A340, A330, A320, and B737-800. Not confined to Hajj operations, these contracts spanned ad-hoc operations and longer-term ACMI projects, showcasing the versatile application of these solutions.
Impediments and Their Impact on ACMI Operations
However, despite this positive surge, African aviation encounters formidable structural barriers. Economic, financial, and political hurdles, including high operational costs, inadequate infrastructure, connectivity restrictions, and protectionism, all constricting air travel demand. Notably, the issue of blocked funds in multiple African nations presents a considerable financial challenge, impeding airlines from operating smoothly and impacting ACMI operators, due to the difficulties created in payment disbursement.
Regional Demand and Collaborations
Delineating the demand landscape, ACC Aviation saw demand for ACMI solutions from multiple regional areas on the continent, including East Africa, North Africa and West Africa. The ACMI team had even assisted with cross-regional engagements when an aircraft from an African airline was leased to a client in Europe.
The Relevance of ACMI: A Summation
The surge in demand during peak summer months, accentuated the need for additional capacity, prompting airlines to leverage ACMI operations and fortify their services precisely when required. Delays in new aircraft deliveries and unexpected maintenance issues compelled airlines to opt for ACMI solutions, illustrating their strategic significance in mitigating operational disruptions.
The evolving landscape of African aviation, marked by a burgeoning ACMI trend, demonstrates the adaptability and resilience of airlines in navigating challenges while meeting escalating passenger demands. As the industry progresses, ACMI solutions emerge as indispensable tools in ensuring operational flexibility and continuity in an ever-evolving aviation landscape.
Sustained Demand: ACMI Projections for 2024
Looking ahead, the demand for ACMI solutions remains robust, with airlines actively initiating their Request for Proposals (RFPs) for the 2024 season. Anticipating a continuation of heightened demand, airlines are already experiencing elevated price structures, which signal an early surge in demand and emphasise the ongoing reliance on ACMI provisions.